History of Poland
A n c i e n t
P 0 L A N D, or Polonia, called by the natives P O L S K A, takes its name, as some conjecture, from Palaeo-Slavic word [Polje] Pole, which in the Slavonian language (commonly spoken in Poland) signifies a plain and champion country. In Latin language - campus and in Greek [please see]
Others suppose, that the inhabitants, from their first leader ,Lechus or Lachus , being called Po-lachi, that is, the posterity of Lachus ; and by corruption Polani and Poloni, imparted their name to their country. And in favor of this opinion it may be argued, that they called themselves Polacci, the Italians Polacchi ; the Russians, Greeks, and Tatars call them Lachi, and Lechitae ; the Hungarians Lengel.
Poland was created by the conquest of other Slavic tribe Likatii from its original location on the river Licus (now the name of the river Lech).
Paul de Diakon in his work, the History of Longobardow for the first time in written history mentions the name of the river Lech, Lecha (Licus)
Christopher Hartknoch (1644–1687) finding the Bulanes placed by Ptolemy (AD 138-161) among the ancient inhabitants of geographical region Sarmatia, and observing the Poloni were called Bolani, Bolanii, Boulena, by the Teutonic (German) writers. Hartknocoh made the best discovery of the origin of the word but some Polish historians just forget about this fact, stated that Slavic sited in center Europe in 5th century was Poland.
In Chinese language name Poland have a sound Balan. The same sound in Arabic language.
Vietnamese, who 100 years ago, replaced the Chinese alphabet with Latin alphabet Poland write Balan.
Finally Polish historian Alexander Maciejowski in his study in 1850 evidently proved that name Bulane on Ptolemy geography maps belongs to Poland.
Nevertheless Polish historian Marcin Kromer (AD 1512-1589) affirms that the present name either of the country or people had not been in use for nine hundred years. Certainly in the time of Alfred King of England, about the year 880, this country was called Weonodland, and before that by the Romans generally Sarmatia, as being the best known part of that great country. Only the branch of Poland which lies on the west-side of the Vistula (Wisła), belonged to Nordic tribe, and (as Ptolemy acquaints us was inhabited by the Aelvaeones, the Luti, Omanni, Longi, Diduni, and Luti Buri, with other Nordic colonies.
The people of Poland are the undoubted offspring's of the Slavi, Slavini, or Slavonians, seated in Justinian's (AD 483 –565)time, as Jornandes (about AD 551) relates, on the north-side of the Carpathian mountains, from the fountain of the Vistula (Wisła), to the (Dniestr) Dniester, and then extending themselves westward to the Dunaj (Danube), and eastward to the Black Sea; from which parts they then made fores into the Roman Empire.
In their first expeditions they were joined with the Antae and Viniae, Veneti or Venedi; or rather, in the opinion of the author, were the famed nation called the Vende were we find mentioned by Ptolemy, as a great people long before they settled in Sarmatia, upon the coast of the Sinus Venedicus (now Baltic Sea, Morze Bałtyckie), which from them probably took its name. As well as did likewise the Venedic mountains, situated in their territories. Hartknoch supposes that the Bulanes, Gythones, Phinni, placed also by Ptolemy these Venedi, in the inland country of Poland, to be their colonies. Perhaps this people, after they had made themselves considerable in size by their conquests, took the name of Slavi from Sława, in their language signifying same or glory; which their descendent's still retain in their compounded names, as Stani-slauus (, Broni-slauus), the now written commonly as Stanislaw Stani-sław, Bronislaw (Bronisław). Some writers would have the Venedi or Veneti to be originally a Teuthonic nation and some Celtic nation.
Today the name of Poland belongs properly to five geographical parts alone, the Greater (Wielkopolska) and the Malopolska ( Małopolska ) Mazovia; Slask (Śląsk)and Pomerania (Pomorze).